Optical Transceiver Solution for CPRI Wireless Communications

Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) is a standardized protocol that defines the digital interface between the Radio Equipment Control (REC) and RF Equipment (RE) of wireless infrastructure base station. This realizes the interoperability among different supplier devices and protects the software investment of wireless service provider. CPRI is still evolving and the wire rate is also rising. At present, the latest standard V7.0 maximum operating speed (Line Bit Rate) has been up to 24.3Gbps, so 25Gbps SFP28 optical module can meet its needs for working rate.

CPRI supports using distributed architecture. The base station comprising REC is connected to remote radio front-end (RRH or RE) via the optical fiber link carrying CPRI data. Because it is only required to install the remote radio front-end at the place with poor environment, this architecture reduces the cost of service provider. The base station can be located in the heartland with good environment, which is an area with ideal signal coverage, climate and power supply. In a typical network, several remote radio front-ends will be connected to the same base station via the topology shown in Fig. 1, and the blue line in the figure represents CPRI link.

BBU is baseband processing unit and RRU is radio remote unit. They are connected with each other by using digital optical modules. RRU will emit the digital baseband signals via the antenna after processing, frequency conversion, and radio filtering and radio amplification.

For CPRI (Common Public Radio Digital Interface), Gigalight developed a complete set of SFP, SFP+ and SFP28 optical module product lines which meet CPRI working rate, especially developed CPRI optical module that can meet industrial operating temperature. The optical interface types are optional (dual-fiber and single fiber), the working distance is up to 60/80 km, so it can fully meet client needs.

Table 1 - CPRI Product Line of Gigalight:

CPRI supporting rate Optical module packaging Product model Type Working distance Working temperature
2.4576Gbps/3.0720Gbps/4.9142Gbps SFP GBP-31555G-L4TI Single-fiber 40km -40~85
2.4576Gbps/3.0720Gbps/4.9143Gbps SFP GBP-55315G-L4TI Single-fiber 40km -40~85
2.4576Gbps/3.0720Gbps/4.9143Gbps SFP GBP-31555G-L8TI Single-fiber 80km -40~85
2.4576Gbps/3.0720Gbps/4.9143Gbps SFP GBP-55315G-L8TI Single-fiber 80km -40~85
2.4576Gbps/3.0720Gbps/4.9143Gbps SFP GP-315G-L2TI Dual-fiber 20km -40~85
2.4576Gbps/3.0720Gbps/4.9143Gbps SFP GP-315G-L4TI Dual-fiber 40km -40~85
6.1440Gbps/9.8304Gbps/10.1376Gbps SFP+ GPP-31192-L2TI Dual-fiber 20km -40~85
6.1440Gbps/9.8304Gbps/10.1376Gbps SFP+ GPP-31192-L4TI Dual-fiber 40km -40~85
6.1440Gbps/9.8304Gbps/10.1376Gbps SFP+ GBP-2733192-L2TI Single-fiber 20km -40~85
6.1440Gbps/9.8304Gbps/10.1376Gbps SFP+ GBP-3327192-L2TI Single-fiber 20km -40~85
6.1440Gbps/9.8304Gbps/10.1376Gbps SFP+ GBP-2733192-ERTI Single-fiber 40km -40~85
6.1440Gbps/9.8304Gbps/10.1376Gbps SFP+ GBP-3327192-ERTI Single-fiber 40km -40~85
6.1440Gbps/9.8304Gbps/10.1376Gbps SFP+ GBP-2733192-E6TI Single-fiber 60km -40~85
6.1440Gbps/9.8304Gbps/10.1376Gbps SFP+ GBP-3327192-E6TI Single-fiber 60km -40~85
12.16512Gbps SFP+ GPP-8514G-SRC Dual-fiber 150m 0~70
24.33024Gbps SFP28 GSS-MPO250-SRC Dual-fiber 100m 0~70
24.33024Gbps SFP28 GSS-SPO250-LRC Dual-fiber 10km 0~70